ExxonMobil in Russia

March 2021


In this article


  • Over 25 years of continuous business presence across Upstream, Downstream and Chemical divisions.
  • Exxon Neftegas Limited, an ExxonMobil subsidiary has operated the Sakhalin-1 Project under the Production Sharing Agreement (PSA) on behalf of Sakhalin-1 Consortium since 1995; ExxonMobil has 30 percent interest in the project.
  • More than 1,000 employees in Russia total.
  • Upstream offices located in Moscow and Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.
  • Sakhalin-1 production infrastructure located in two regions in the Russian Far East and includes five major sites with more than 700 Russian nationals employed by ENL.
  • Downstream offices located in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.



Sakhalin-1 project overview

  • Affiliate name: Exxon Neftegas Limited (ENL).
  • ENL co-ventures in the Sakhalin-1 project include the Japanese consortium SODECO (30 percent); the Indian state-owned oil company ONGC Videsh Ltd. (20 percent); and two Rosneft affiliates (combined 20 percent).
  • The Sakhalin-1 license area includes three license blocks – Chayvo, Odoptu and Arkutun-Dagi – located off the northeast coast of Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East. Potential recoverable resources are 2.3 billion barrels of oil (307 million tons) and 17.1 trillion cubic feet of natural gas (485 billion cubic meters).
  • Sakhalin-1 oil and gas production commenced in October 2005 from the Chayvo block, in September 2010 from the Odoptu block, and in January 2015 from the Arkutun-Dagi block.
  • As of January 2021, 131.7 million tons (985.6 million barrels) of oil and condensate were exported, and safely delivered to international markets via the ENL-operated De-Kastri oil terminal without spilling a single drop of oil; over 29 billion cubic meters (1,034 billion cubic feet) of natural gas delivered to Russian Far East customers.
  • Sakhalin-1 co-ventures are progressing  plans to monetize Sakhalin-1 gas  and have awarded the contract for front-end engineering and design (FEED) for the Russia Far East LNG (RFE LNG) gas liquefaction and export plant to TechnipFMC, with a view to considering a final investment decision in due course.
  • The proposed RFE LNG project will include expansion of the Chayvo onshore processing facility, construction of an approximate 220-kilometer gas pipeline and a 6.2 million tons per year LNG plant located near the Sakhalin-1 De-Kastri oil export terminal in Khabarovsk Krai.
  • Russia Far East LNG is being developed under the existing Sakhalin-1 production sharing agreement and will use Sakhalin-1 gas reserves as the primary resource base.

Exploration and Research Joint Ventures with Rosneft

  • Prior to 2014, ExxonMobil and Rosneft established various joint venture entities to conduct exploration and research activities in Russia. 
  • In 2014, the European Union and United States imposed sanctions relating to the Russian energy sector. In the latter half of 2017, the United States codified and expanded sanctions against Russia.
  • Following codification of the sanctions in late 2017, ExxonMobil decided to withdraw from these joint ventures. ExxonMobil completed formal withdrawal in 2018.
  • ExxonMobil continues to comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. 



  • Affiliate name: Mobil Oil Lubricants LLC.
  • Mobil branded lubricants are sold through a countrywide network of 25 independent distributors.
  • Mobil 1, Mobil Delvac 1 and Mobil SHC lubricants have strong presence in Russia among passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, and industrial applications.


  • ExxonMobil markets a wide range of petrochemical products in Russia that are used by local industries (packaging, construction, automotive) to develop and produce high-quality consumer products. 
  • Catalysts & Licensing Global Business Unit (EMCL) licenses a broad portfolio of ExxonMobil's refining, gas and chemical technologies and offers specialty catalysts for the manufacturer of fuels, lubricant base stocks, basic chemicals and intermediates products. Our high performing catalysts, advanced process technologies and global operating experience help customers improve operations, lower emissions, and grow high-value products.  

CPC Pipeline

  • ExxonMobil affiliate has a 7.5 percent interest in the Caspian Pipeline Consortium (CPC), which operates a 1,511-kilometer pipeline transporting oil from Kazakhstan Tengiz to the Russian port of Novorossiysk in the Black Sea.  
  • In 2018, the Consortium completed a major expansion project increasing the total throughput capacity of the pipeline to 1.4 million barrels per day (67 million tons per year). The pipeline system transports ExxonMobil equity production from the Tengiz and Kashagan fields. 
  • In 2019, the CPC consortium supported investment in a debottlenecking project to allow 72.5 million tons from Kazakhstan to be exported via CPC and the project is under execution to deliver this additional capacity. CPC is targeting to have the capacity available from 2022 to support the increase in Tengiz production.

Safety, health and the environment

  •  The industry’s leading technologies and a wide range of experts from Russian and international research and design institutions ensure the safety and integrity of Sakhalin-1 operations. Almost 4 billion has been invested to protect local wildlife, habitats and land uses. Approximately US $58 million have been invested into scientific programs since 1997 to ensure protection of Western Gray Whale population, which visit feeding grounds offshore Sakhalin during the summer months. 
  • Sakhalin-1 total recordable incident rate (TRIR) for 2020 is 0.04, which is three times better than the major oil and gas industry’s average.
  • Since 2015, the level of utilization of associated gas has remained above 97 percent and in 2020 was greater than 99 percent, which is amongst the best in Russia’s oil and gas industry.   

Corporate social responsibility

  • Since its startup, the ENL-operated Sakhalin-1 project has generated more than US $18.3 billion in state share of oil and gas, tax and royalty payments to the Federal and Regional Governments, including US $7.6 billion – to the Sakhalin budget.
  • To-date, more than US $18.4 billion in contracts has been awarded to Russian contractors and joint ventures with Russian participation.
  • More than US $230 million has been invested into upgrades of infrastructure used jointly by the Sakhalin-1 project and local communities, including hospitals, roads, power and water facilities.
  • Over US $37 million of charitable contribution programs have been implemented by the Sakhalin-1 Consortium to improve healthcare, education and to support indigenous communities.
  • Since 2002, ENL on behalf of Sakhalin-1 Consortium, has been supporting local healthcare providing more than 400 million rubles (US $8 million).
  • In 2020, Sakhalin-1 Consortium contributed about 25 million rubles (US $345K) to purchase medical equipment and to improve healthcare quality including COVID-19 response in Sakhalin Oblast and Ulchi district.
  • Since 2017, ENL on behalf of the Sakhalin-1 Consortium has been supporting special education program for local students Petroleum Engineering in partnership with Sakhalin State University and Gubkin Russian State Oil and Gas University, which is one of Russian leading oil and gas education institutions. Over 60 students have been covered by the program so far.
  • ENL was recognized by various Russian organizations as a leader in Corporate Social Responsibility in 2015, 2016 and 2017, and environmental performance in 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2019. In 2019, ENL was awarded with the First Prize in the nomination “For the achievements in contribution projects effectiveness assessment” at All-Russia “Corporate Donors’” Conference.
  • In 2013 and 2017, ExxonMobil Russia Inc. implemented a women’s health project to address the need for early cancer diagnosis and preventive healthcare in the Archangelsk and Murmansk regions. This program upgraded diagnostic and rehabilitation equipment for hospitals and launched a public awareness campaign for early check-ups. Since 2018, the company has supported the program extension in Moscow.
  • In 2019, ExxonMobil Russia Inc. celebrates 9 years of continuous support of the development programs for people with Down syndrome and the international Gala-concert of ballet stars Benois de la Danse traditionally taking place at the main stage of Bolshoi Theater.  
  • In 2020, ExxonMobil Russia Inc. carried out a charity project to purchase 1,250 sets of reusable personal protective equipment for several Moscow hospitals fighting COVID-19, worth in total over 6 million rubles (US $83,000). The Mobil brand team delivered 30,000 disposable personal protective masks to medical facilities in Moscow to support medical personnel. Additionally, other necessary consumable materials have been purchased, including 10,000 disposable head covers, 1,000 protective gowns and 1,000 medical overboots.